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Volume 3, Issue 5 (10-2019)                   زیست شناسی 2019, 3(5): 6-14 | Back to browse issues page

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Hasanzadeh V. Plagiarism in scientific research and publications and how to prevent it. زیست شناسی. 2019; 3 (5) :6-14
URL: http://ijbio.ir/article-1-268-en.html
University of Tehran , hassanzadeh@khayam.ut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1403 Views)
Quality is assessed on the basis of adequate evidence, while best results of the research are accomplished through scientific knowledge. Information 
contained in a scientific work must always be based on scientific evidence. Guidelines for genuine scientific research should be designed based on real 
results. Dynamic research and use correct methods of scientific work must originate from everyday practice and the fundamentals of the research. 
The original work should have the proper data sources with clearly defined research goals, methods of operation which are acceptable for questions 
included in the study. When selecting the methods it is necessary to obtain the consent of the patients/respondents to provide data for execution of 
the project or so called informed consent. Only by the own efforts can be reached true results, from which can be drawn conclusions and which finally 
can give a valid scholarly commentary. Text may be copied from other sources, either in whole or in part and marked as a result of the other studies. 
For high-quality scientific work necessary are expertise and relevant scientific literature, mostly taken from publications that are stored in biomedical 
databases. These are scientific, professional and review articles, case reports of disease in physician practices, but the knowledge can also be acquired on 
scientific and expert lectures by renowned scientists. Form of text publications must meet standards on writing a paper. If the article has already been 
published in a scientific journal, the same article cannot be published in any other journal with a few minor adjustments, or without specifying the 
parts of the first article which is used in another article. Copyright infringement occurs when the author of a new article, with or without mention -
ing the author, uses a substantial portion of previously published articles, including past contributions in the first article. With the permission of the 
publisher and the author, another journal can re-publish the article already published. In that case, that is not plagiarism, because the journal states 
that the article was re-published with the permission of the journal in which the article is primarily released. The original can be only one, and the 
copy is a copy, and plagiarism is stolen copy. The aim of combating plagiarism is to improve the quality, to achieve satisfactory results and to compare 
the results of their own research, rather than copying the data from the results of other people’s research. Copy leads to incorrect results. Nowadays 
the problem of plagiarism has become huge, or widespread and present in almost all spheres of human activity, particularly in science.
Scientific institutions and universities should have a center for surveillance, security, promotion and development of quality research. Establishment 
of rules and respect the rules of good practice are the obligations of each research institutions, universities and every individual researchers, regardless 
of which area of science is being investigated. There are misunderstandings and doubts about the criteria and standards for when and how to declare 
someone a plagiarist. European and World Association of Science Editors (EASE and WAME), and COPE - Committee on Publishing Ethics work-
ing on the precise definition of that institution or that the scientific committee may sanction when someone is proven plagiarism and familiarize the 
authors with the types of sanctions. The practice is to inform the editors about discovered plagiarism and articles are withdrawn from the database, 
while the authors are put on the so-called black list. So far this is the only way of preventing plagiarism, because there are no other sanctions.
Type of Study: Community | Subject: new course
Received: 2019/09/1 | Accepted: 2019/10/13 | Published: 2019/10/13

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